From 1461 to 1603 there were three Elizabeths with the title of Queen – granted two were Queen consorts and one was Queen regnant, but regardless…they were all queens.
- Queen Elizabeth Woodville – the consort of King Edward IV
- Queen Elizabeth of York – the consort of King Henry VII
- Queen Elizabeth I – Queen regnant of England
The first Elizabeth, Elizabeth Woodville, was a commoner who married King Edward IV in secret and caused an uproar in the English court.
The second Elizabeth, Elizabeth of York, was the daughter of Elizabeth Woodville and Edward IV – she became Queen consort when she married King Henry VII. Their marriage inevitably ended the Wars of the Roses by joining together the houses of Lancaster and York.
The third Elizabeth, Elizabeth Tudor, was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She became Queen Elizabeth I of England in her own right in 1558. Elizabeth was declared illegitimate by her father when she was just a child but was eventually named as a successor to her father after her brother (Edward VI) and older sister (Mary I). Neither sibling had children. The hand of fate made it that the daughter of Anne Boleyn became Queen of England. Anne Boleyn indeed got the last laugh.
A quick family tree refresher for you:
Edward IV & Elizabeth Woodville
⇒ Daughter: Elizabeth of York
Henry VII & Elizabeth of York
⇒ Son: Henry VIII
Henry VIII & Anne Boleyn
⇒ Daughter: Queen Elizabeth I
- Elizabeth Woodville gave birth to Elizabeth of York, who was also the daughter of Edward IV.
- Elizabeth of York gave birth to Henry VIII, who was also the son of Henry VII.
- Henry VIII’s second wife, Anne Boleyn gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth (future Elizabeth I).
- Queen Elizabeth I was the granddaughter of Elizabeth of York, and great-granddaughter of Elizabeth Woodville.
What would Elizabeth Woodville think of her great-granddaughter’s reign? Would she be proud of Elizabeth or disappointed in her for not having any children and ending the Tudor line? Both Elizabeth Woodville and her daughter Elizabeth of York were very fertile woman – having many children.
During the reign of Edward IV, Elizabeth Woodville was referred to as a woman who wanted power and would do whatever it took to bring titles to her family and to ensure her children were offered every opportunity that a royal prince or princess were entitled to.
Elizabeth of York on the other-hand, is only referred to in loving tones. Something her mother never experienced. Elizabeth does not appear to be a vocal counterpart of her husband (the king)…unlike her mother. Would she have been proud of her granddaughter?
Elizabeth I was very similar to her great-grandmother, Elizabeth Woodville; She was strong, bull-headed and confident in her title. She knew what she wanted and for the most part got it….save Dudley. That wasn’t meant to be.
What do you think?